Harley Mind Care

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HARLEY MIND CARE PSYCHIATRISTS

FAQs

Some common questions about Consultations
and how we work.

FAQs

Mental Health Professionals

  • Understanding Mental Health Professionals

    What is a Psychiatrist?

    A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specialises in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illnesses. Psychiatrists have completed medical school and additional training in psychiatry. They can prescribe medication, conduct physical examinations, and order lab tests.

    What Can Psychiatrists Do?

    • Diagnose mental health conditions.
    • Prescribe medications.
    • Provide psychotherapy (though not all do).
    • Conduct physical exams and order tests.

    What Psychiatrists Cannot Do:

    • Provide long-term psychotherapy sessions in the same depth as psychologists or psychotherapists, due to their primary focus on medical aspects.

    What is a Psychologist?

    A psychologist is a professional who studies the mind and behaviour. They often hold a doctoral degree (PhD or PsyD) in psychology. Psychologists are trained in psychological testing, assessment, and therapy.

    What Can Psychologists Do?

    • Conduct psychological assessments and tests.
    • Provide psychotherapy (cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychoanalysis, etc.).
    • Develop treatment plans for mental health issues.
    • Conduct research and teach at academic institutions.

    What Psychologists Cannot Do:

    • Prescribe medication (except in a few jurisdictions with additional training and licensure).
    • Perform medical exams or order medical tests.

    What is a Psychotherapist?

    A psychotherapist is a general term for professionals trained to treat mental health issues through therapy. This term can include psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, counsellors, and other trained professionals. The specific qualifications can vary widely.

    What Can Psychotherapists Do?

    • Provide various forms of psychotherapy (talk therapy, cognitive therapy, etc.).
    • Help clients understand and manage mental health conditions.
    • Work in various settings, including private practices, hospitals, and community centres.

    What Psychotherapists Cannot Do:

    • Prescribe medication (unless they are also psychiatrists).
    • Perform medical exams or order lab tests (unless they have additional medical training).

    Comparing Roles: What Each Can and Cannot Do

    Prescribing Medication:

    • Psychiatrists: Yes
    • Psychologists: No (except in special cases)
    • Psychotherapists: No

    Conducting Therapy:

    • Psychiatrists: Yes, but often limited
    • Psychologists: Yes, extensively
    • Psychotherapists: Yes, extensively

    Performing Medical Exams:

    • Psychiatrists: Yes
    • Psychologists: No
    • Psychotherapists: No

    Conducting Psychological Testing:

    • Psychiatrists: Sometimes
    • Psychologists: Yes
    • Psychotherapists: Sometimes (depending on qualifications)

    By understanding these distinctions, patients can make more informed decisions about which mental health professional may best suit their needs.

Autism

  • Why is it Important to Assess Key Events in a Child's Life?

    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects communication, behaviour, and social interactions. Each child with ASD experiences unique challenges, particularly during key transitions like moving to a new school. This FAQ table highlights common issues and provides solutions to help parents and caregivers support their children through these milestones.

    Early Childhood (Ages 3-5)

    No. Issue Solution
    1 Difficulty with verbal and non-verbal communication Introduce visual aids and use simple, clear language.
    2 Challenges in forming peer relationships Arrange playdates with small, familiar groups.
    3 Resistance to changes in routine Create a visual schedule and prepare for transitions in advance.

    Primary School (Ages 6-11)

    No. Issue Solution
    4 Struggle with academic expectations Provide tailored learning plans and use assistive technology.
    5 Difficulty understanding social cues Implement social skills training and role-playing exercises.
    6 Intense interest in specific topics Integrate interests into learning activities to keep engaged.

    Transition to Secondary School (Ages 12-14)

    No. Issue Solution
    7 Overwhelmed by the larger school environment Arrange pre-term visits to the new school for familiarisation.
    8 Increased social dynamics and peer pressure Set up peer support groups and a buddy system.
    9 Higher academic workload Teach time management skills and use visual planners.

    Adolescence (Ages 15-18)

    No. Issue Solution
    10 Managing independence Gradually introduce life skills training and self-advocacy.
    11 Preparing for post-secondary education or work Provide career counselling and explore internship opportunities.
    12 Navigating complex social relationships Continue social skills training and offer counselling support.

    Key Event: Moving to a New School

    No. Issue Solution
    13 Anxiety about new routines and environments Familiarise yourself with the new school layout and staff before the term starts.
    14 Familiarise yourself with the new school layout and staff before the term starts. Develop a personalised daily schedule and stick to it.
    15 Need for clear communication with teachers and staff Schedule regular meetings with teachers and a designated support person.

    Key Event: Changes in Family Dynamics (e.g., Divorce, New Sibling)

    No. Issue Solution
    16 Emotional distress from changes Offer emotional support through counselling and open communication.
    17 Adjusting to new family routines Maintain as much consistency as possible and use visual schedules.
    18 Understanding and expressing feelings Teach emotion recognition and coping strategies.

    Additional Considerations

    No. Issue Solution
    19 Sensory sensitivities Create a sensory-friendly environment and use calming tools.
    20 Difficulty with transitions between activities Provide clear warnings before transitions and use transition aids.

    Conclusion

    Supporting children with ASD through various life transitions requires understanding their unique needs and implementing structured, personalised strategies. At Harley's Mind Care, we are committed to helping each child thrive through comprehensive support and tailored solutions.

  • How Can We Support Children with Autism Through Puberty?

    Puberty can be particularly challenging for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) due to the significant physical, emotional, and social changes that occur. This table highlights common challenges and provides solutions to support children with ASD during this developmental stage.

    Puberty (Ages 11-15)

    No. Issue Solution
    1 Understanding and accepting physical changes Start discussions early using clear, simple language and visual aids.
    2 Increased sensory sensitivities Use sensory-friendly hygiene products and gradually introduce new routines.
    3 Mood swings and emotional changes Teach emotional literacy using tools like emotion charts and encourage stress-reduction techniques.
    4 Increased anxiety Provide consistent and repetitive information to build understanding and reduce anxiety.
    5 Social expectations and peer pressure Use role-playing to practice social interactions and encourage supportive peer interactions.
    6 Managing personal hygiene Establish visual schedules for hygiene routines and use sensory-friendly products.
    7 Understanding privacy and appropriate behaviour Teach the importance of privacy and appropriate behaviour in different social contexts.
    8 Need for emotional support Engage therapists and counselors specialising in ASD for additional support.
    9 Healthcare and medical concerns Work closely with healthcare providers to address medical concerns and ensure understanding of body changes.

    Strategies to Address Challenges

    No. Strategy Details
    1 Early Education Start discussions about puberty early, using clear and simple language. Visual aids and social stories can be particularly helpful.
    2 Consistent Information Provide consistent and repetitive information about what to expect. This can help reduce anxiety and build understanding over time.
    3 Sensory Accommodations Engage therapists and counsellors who specialise in ASD to provide additional support and strategies. Work closely with healthcare providers to address any medical concerns and to ensure the child understands changes to their body.
    4 Emotional Literacy Teach emotional literacy skills to help children recognise and name their emotions. Tools like emotion charts can be useful.
    5 Stress-Reduction Techniques Encourage stress-reduction techniques such as deep breathing, mindfulness, or physical activity.
    6 Social Skills Training Use role-playing to practice social interactions and appropriate responses to social situations. Encourage interactions with understanding and supportive peers, perhaps through structured group activities.
    7 Routine and Structure Use visual schedules to establish and maintain hygiene routines. Keep routines as consistent as possible to provide a sense of security and predictability.
    8 Professional Support Engage therapists and counsellors specialising in ASD to provide additional support and strategies. Work closely with healthcare providers to address any medical concerns and to ensure the child understands changes to their body.

    By anticipating the challenges associated with puberty and implementing supportive strategies, caregivers and educators can help children with ASD navigate this developmental stage with greater ease and confidence.

  • What are the Strengths and Positives Associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?

    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is often discussed in terms of challenges and difficulties, but it’s important to recognise the unique strengths and positive attributes that individuals with ASD can possess. This table highlights these strengths and provides examples of how they can be beneficial.

    Strengths and Positives of ASD

    No. Strength/Positive Attribute Description and Benefits
    1 Attention to Detail Precision and Accuracy: Individuals with ASD often excel in tasks requiring precision and accuracy, such as data analysis, programming, and quality control.
    2 Strong Focus and Concentration Intense Focus: Many individuals can concentrate intensely on tasks or interests for extended periods, leading to deep expertise and high productivity.
    3 Honesty and Integrity Direct Communication: People with ASD are often very honest and straightforward, which can be refreshing and valuable in personal and professional relationships.
    4 Unique Perspectives and Creativity Innovative Thinking: The unique way individuals with ASD perceive the world can lead to creative and innovative solutions to problems.
    5 Strong Memory Excellent Recall: Many individuals have exceptional memory skills, especially for facts, figures, and details, beneficial in academic and professional settings.
    6 Passion and Expertise Deep Knowledge: When individuals with ASD develop an interest, they often pursue it with great passion, becoming highly knowledgeable and skilled in that area.
    7 Loyalty and Reliability Dependable: Individuals with ASD often exhibit strong loyalty and reliability, making them dependable friends, family members, and colleagues.
    8 Pattern Recognition Analytical Skills: Many people with ASD have a natural ability to recognise patterns and identify anomalies, which is advantageous in fields such as mathematics, science, engineering, and computer programming.
    9 Rule Adherence Following Guidelines: A strong adherence to rules and guidelines can be beneficial in environments where compliance and consistency are crucial.
    10 Non-Judgmental Nature Acceptance: Individuals with ASD often accept others without judgment, valuing people for who they are rather than conforming to social stereotypes or expectations.
    11 Commitment to Routine Stability and Predictability: A commitment to routine can provide stability and predictability in various settings, including work and personal life.

    By focusing on these strengths, society can better appreciate the valuable contributions that individuals with ASD can make. Encouraging environments that support and nurture these positive attributes can help individuals with ASD thrive and reach their full potential.

  • What support services are available for individuals with ASD and their families?

    Various support services are available for individuals with ASD and their families, including support groups, counselling, educational resources, advocacy organisations, respite care services, and programs for vocational and independent living skills.

  • Is there any medication For Autism Spectrum Disorder?

    Although there is no medication specifically for treating the symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), certain medications may be prescribed to manage associated symptoms or co-occurring conditions that commonly accompany ASD.

  • How to know if I have ASD?

    Determining whether you have ASD typically involves comprehensive evaluation by healthcare professionals. Diagnosis involves assessing your behaviour, communication skills, and developmental history and may include standardised assessments and screenings.

  • Can adults be diagnosed with ASD?

    Adults can be diagnosed with ASD. Although some individuals may receive a diagnosis in childhood, others may not be diagnosed until adulthood. However, it is never too late to seek evaluation and support for ASD, even in adulthood.

ADHD

  • What is the overall cost of a Virtual Adult ADHD Assessment?

    No Description Cost Time
    1 A virtual Adult ADHD assessment

    1. This includes a full report, including diagnosis and treatment plan.

    2. The first free medication prescription.

    3. A free Shared Care Agreement with your GP (if required).

    £750 60-90 Mins
    2 Following diagnosis, medication titration involves follow-up consultations costing.

    £150 per 15-minute session.

    Titration can last between 8 and 12 weeks and potentially require multiple visits,

    depending on your response. to the medication. Our goal is to complete this

    process as quickly and safely as possible.

    £150 15 Mins
    3 ADHD medication, being a controlled substance, requires a monthly prescription.

    If the patient isn’t transferred to the NHS under a shared care agreement, there

    will be an approximate monthly cost of £45 per repeat prescription.

    £45

    per month

    4 According to the NICE guidelines, the treatment response for all ADHD drugs

    should be reviewed every 6 months at £300 per 30-minute session.

    (This review includes a comprehensive assessment of clinical needs, benefits,

    and side effects, taking into account the views of the patient and carers,

    the effect of missed doses, planned dose reductions, and brief periods of no treatment.)

    £300

    every 6 Months

    30 mins


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